Adjusted earnings per share are the basic earnings per share from operations, excluding identified items and taxes thereon.
Adjusted EBITDA is operating income excluding depreciation, amortization and identified items.
Adjusted operating income is operating income excluding identified items.
Capital expenditures is the total of investments in property, plant and equipment and investments in intangible assets.
Comprehensive income is the change in equity during a period resulting from transactions and other events other than those changes resulting from transactions with shareholders in their capacity as shareholders.
Constant currencies calculations exclude the impact of changes in foreign exchange rates.
EBITDA is operating income excluding depreciation and amortization.
EBITDA margin is EBITDA as percentage of revenue.
Emerging Europe: Central and Eastern Europe (excluding Austria), Baltic States and Turkey.
Mature Europe: Western, Northern and Southern Europe, including Austria.
Identified items are special charges and benefits, results on acquisitions and divestments, major restructuring and impairment charges, and charges and benefits related to major legal, anti-trust, environmental and tax cases.
Invested capital is total assets (excluding cash and cash equivalents, short-term investments, investments in associates, the receivable from pension funds in an asset position, assets held for sale) less current income tax payable, deferred tax liabilities and trade and other payables.
Mature markets comprise of Mature Europe, the US, Canada, Japan and Oceania.
Net debt is defined as long-term borrowings plus short-term borrowings less cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments.
Operating income is defined as income excluding Net financing expenses, Results from associates and joint ventures, Income tax and Profit from discontinued operations. Operating income includes the share of Non-controlling interests. Operating income includes Identified items to the extent these relate to lines included in Operating Income.
Operating working capital (Trade) is defined as the sum of inventories, trade receivables and trade payables of the total company. When expressed as a ratio, operating working capital is measured against four times last quarter revenue.
OPI margin is operating income as percentage of revenue.
ROI is adjusted operating income of the last 12 months as percentage of average invested capital.
ROI excluding unallocated cost is adjusted operating income of the last 12 months as percentage of average invested capital, for Decorative Paints and Performance Coatings; it excludes unallocated corporate center costs and invested capital, consistent with our 2020 ambition.
ROS is adjusted operating income as percentage of revenue.
ROS excluding unallocated cost is adjusted operating income as percentage of revenue for Decorative Paints and Performance Coatings; it excludes unallocated corporate center costs, consistent with our 2020 ambition.
SG&A costs includes selling and distribution expenses, general and administrative expenses and research, development and innovation expenses.
South America includes Central America.